Russia Rehearses Multi-Platform Warfare in the Baltic Sea

Russia Rehearses Multi-Platform Warfare in the Baltic Sea Publication: Eurasia Daily Monitor By: Roger McDermott The Jamestown Foundation Russia’s Armed Forces have commenced Okeanskiy Shchit (“Ocean Shield”) 2019 naval exercises in the Baltic Sea, under the direction of the commander-in-chief of the Russian Military-Maritime Fleet (Voyenno-Morskoy Flot—VMF), Admiral Nikolai Yevmenov. The exercises, running from August…

A Neighbor’s Dilemma: The Implications of the Libyan Crisis on Tunisia

A Neighbor’s Dilemma: The Implications of the Libyan Crisis on Tunisia Publication: Terrorism Monitor By: James Pothecary The Jamestown Foundation   Introduction In April, paramilitary forces loyal to the Libyan National Army (LNA)—the armed wing of the Tobruk administration—began its campaign to take the capital Tripoli from the UN-backed Government of National Accord (GNA) and…

Japan Considers a New Security Relationship Via “Networking” with Taiwan

Japan Considers a New Security Relationship Via “Networking” with Taiwan Publication: China Brief Volume: 19 Issue: 10 By: Howard Wang The Jamestown Foundation Introduction—Japan Seeks “Networking” with Regional Allies In early May 2019, Japanese Foreign Minister (FM) Taro Kono tweeted support for Taiwan’s bid to attend the World Health Assembly as an observer—thereby advocating for…

Learning Without Fighting: New Developments in PLA Artificial Intelligence War-Gaming

Learning Without Fighting: New Developments in PLA Artificial Intelligence War-Gaming Publication: China Brief By: Elsa Kania The Jamestown Foundation   The Opportunities and Challenges of Intelligentization A lack of recent experience in combat is often characterized as a major liability and potential disadvantage for the Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA) in any future conflict scenario.…

‘Special Outsider’: Russia Joins the Race for Global Leadership in Artificial Intelligence

‘Special Outsider’: Russia Joins the Race for Global Leadership in Artificial Intelligence Publication: Eurasia Daily Monitor By: Sergey Sukhankin The Jamestown Foundation On February 26, the industrial director of the Rostec State Corporation, Sergey Abramov, declared that work on the fourth generation of the Ratnik future infantry combat system is underway. The system is said…

The Broader Regional Meaning of Russian Foreign Minister Lavrov’s Maghreb Tour

The Broader Regional Meaning of Russian Foreign Minister Lavrov’s Maghreb Tour Publication: Eurasia Daily By: Dario Cristiani The Jamestown Foundation At the end of January 2019, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov traveled to the Maghreb, visiting Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia. According to Lavrov’s spokesperson, the trip was conceived to discuss the state of “bilateral relations…

Ukraine Buys Advanced Turkish Strike Drones

Ukraine Buys Advanced Turkish Strike Drones Publication: Eurasia Daily Monitor By: Yuri Lapaiev The Jamestown Foundation On January 26, Ukrainian State Concern Ukroboronprom announced an agreement between the Turkish company Baykar Makina and Ukraine’s state-owned arms trader Ukrspecexport (part of Ukroboronprom) to procure 12 Bayraktar TB2 operational/tactical-level strike unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) for $69 million…

Arrests in Poland Contribute to the International Controversies Surrounding Huawei

Arrests in Poland Contribute to the International Controversies Surrounding Huawei By: John Dotson China Brief The Jamestown Foundation Introduction The December 1, 2018, arrest of Huawei chief financial officer Meng Wanzhou (孟晚舟) in Vancouver—an arrest made by Canadian officials pursuant to a warrant issued in the United States—touched off a three-way diplomatic firestorm between China,…

Moscow Pushes Own Approaches to Cyber Security on Rest of CSTO

Moscow Pushes Own Approaches to Cyber Security on Rest of CSTO Publication: Eurasia Daily Monitor By: Sergey Sukhankin The Jamestown Foundation Russian military strategists who have analyzed regional military conflicts between 1999 and 2014 conclude that even a less-developed party may be able to at least partly degrade the technological advantage of a stronger adversary…

Taiwan’s Emerging Push for “Cyber Autonomy”

Taiwan’s Emerging Push for “Cyber Autonomy” Publication: China Brief By: Philip Hsu The Jamestown Foundation On May 11, Taiwan’s Legislative Yuan passed the Cybersecurity Management Law, Taiwan’s first national cybersecurity law (iThome, May 22). This law, which mandates cybersecurity requirements for Taiwan’s government agencies and operators of critical infrastructures, represents the latest initiative in the…

Quad Restrictions: Addressing PRC Investment Concerns in the Indo-Pacific (Australia, India, Japan, and US)

Quad Restrictions: Addressing PRC Investment Concerns in the Indo-Pacific By: Ashley Feng, Sagatom Saha The Jamestown Foundation Washington has recently taken a tougher tack to growing inbound investment from the People’s Republic of China (PRC) by strengthening the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS), but its security partners in the PRC’s backyard…

South Caucasus Eyes Becoming a Hub Along EU–China Transportation Route

South Caucasus Eyes Becoming a Hub Along EU–China Transportation Route Publication: Eurasia Daily Monitor Volume: 15 Issue: 158 By: Ayaz Rzayev, Vasif Huseynov The Jamestown Foundation On October 15, the European Union adopted a new strategy on connecting Europe and Asia (Consilium.europa.eu, October 15), which became a major theme at the latest Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM)…

Language-Motivated Emigration of Russians Causes Shortage of Qualified Workers in Kazakhstan

Language-Motivated Emigration of Russians Causes Shortage of Qualified Workers in Kazakhstan Publication: Eurasia Daily Monitor By: Farkhad Sharip The Jamestown Foundation In mid-October, the nationalist-leaning Qazaquni.kz website, run by the Ak Zhol (Democratic Party) of Kazakhstan, published an appeal to Russian-speaking compatriots, calling on them to learn Kazakh. The article stresses that “it is not…

The Uncertain Road Ahead for Macedonia

The Uncertain Road Ahead for Macedonia Publication: Eurasia Daily Monitor By: Margarita Assenova The Jamestown Foundation The vast majority of voters who took part in Macedonia’s referendum on September 30 supported changing the country’s name to North Macedonia in order to join the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the European Union, as outlined in…

The Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt: Current Crisis and Future Directions

The Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt: Current Crisis and Future Directions Publication: Terrorism Monitor By: Alison Pargeter The Jamestown Foundation   In July 2018, the Congressional Subcommittee on National Security held a hearing to examine the threat of the Muslim Brotherhood to the United States and its interests. This hearing—expected to pave the way for Congress…

Returning Uighur Fighters and China’s National Security Dilemma

Returning Uighur Fighters and China’s National Security Dilemma Publication: China Brief V By: Joseph Hope The Jamestown Foundation In early 2017, CCP Secretary General President Xi Jinping announced his desire to build a “Great Wall of Iron” to apparently promote security and peace in China’s Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region (Xinhua, March 10, 2017). This is…

Jaysh al-Ayman: A ‘Local’ Threat in Kenya

Jaysh al-Ayman: A ‘Local’ Threat in Kenya Publication: Terrorism Monitor By: Sunguta West The Jamestown Foundation After a series of deadly attacks, Jaysh al-Ayman, an elite al-Shabaab unit formed about five years ago to carry out operations inside Kenya, has emerged as the deadliest terrorist cell in the East African nation. Although it started life…

Libya’s Rogue Militias Keep the Country From Tackling Human Trafficking

Libya’s Rogue Militias Keep the Country From Tackling Human Trafficking Publication: Terrorism Monitor By: Alessandra Bocchi The Jamestown Foundation Since 2014, people smuggling and human trafficking has become a lucrative business in Libya, benefiting the country’s rival militias and tribes, but fueling instability. Efforts by the European Union (EU), in particular Italy, to combat the problem…

Power Flows Downstream: Sino-Vietnamese Relations and the Lancang-Mekong River

Power Flows Downstream: Sino-Vietnamese Relations and the Lancang-Mekong River Publication: China Brief Volume: 17 Issue: 14 By: Emily Walz The Jamestown Foundation China’s international rivers are becoming a focal point for contests over control of natural resources—and potentially international conflict. China, in its powerful position as headwater nation, continues to actively promote hydropower development domestically…

Chinese and Indian Competition in Space Heats Up

Chinese and Indian Competition in Space Heats Up Publication: China Brief By: Sudha Ramachandran The Jamestown Foundation On May 5, India began a new diplomatic push in South Asia by launching the “South Asia satellite” into space. Built and launched by the government-run Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), the satellite will provide communications and meteorological…

Strategic War Game Zapad 2017 Has Begun

Strategic War Game Zapad 2017 Has Begun Publication: Eurasia Daily Monitor  By: Pavel Felgenhauer The Jamestown Foundation Last November, in Minsk, at a session of the joint Russian-Belarusian “defense collegium,” Russia’s minister of defense, Army-General Sergei Shoigu, declared the upcoming strategic war game, Zapad 2017, to be “the most important joint military exercise of the…

Al-Qaeda’s Quiet Resurgence in India

Al-Qaeda’s Quiet Resurgence in India Publication: Terrorism Monitor By: Animesh Roul The Jamestown Foundation Al-Qaeda in the Indian Subcontinent (AQIS), the official South Asian branch of the transnational al-Qaeda network, has spread its tentacles in the region beyond its strongholds. Beyond Afghanistan, Pakistan and Bangladesh, its influence has reached neighboring India and Myanmar. The emergence…

Disruption Under the Radar: Chinese Advances in Quantum Sensing

Disruption Under the Radar: Chinese Advances in Quantum Sensing Publication: China Brief By: Elsa Kania, Stephen Armitage The Jamestown Foundation   This piece builds upon prior research and analysis on Chinese advances in quantum information science and quantum technologies, previously featured in China Brief in the series “China’s Quantum Leap,” parts one and two. Today,…

Swarms at War: Chinese Advances in Swarm Intelligence

Swarms at War: Chinese Advances in Swarm Intelligence Publication: China Brief Volume: 17 Issue: 9 By: Elsa Kania The Jamestown Foundation The Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA) anticipates that future warfare will be “unmanned, invisible, and silent” (“无人、无形、无声”战争), with ever higher degrees of “intelligentization” (智能化). [1] PLA strategists expect that future, autonomous combat involving unmanned…

Uzbekistan Alters Its Vision for Afghanistan

Uzbekistan Alters Its Vision for Afghanistan Publication: Eurasia Daily Monitor By: Fozil Mashrab The Jamestown Foundation After the change of leadership in Uzbekistan, it has been widely acknowledged that the country’s new president, Shavkat Mirziyaev, is pursuing a more proactive and constructive regional diplomacy in Central Asia than his predecessor (see EDM, October 26, 2016;…

Russia’s Syria Resupply Route Through the Turkish Straits: Vulnerable to Terrorist Attack?

Russia’s Syria Resupply Route Through the Turkish Straits: Vulnerable to Terrorist Attack? Publication: Eurasia Daily Monitor By: John C. K. Daly The Jamestown Foundation Since Moscow’s military intervention in the Syrian civil war began in September 2015, a key element of Russian logistical support for its forces has been a maritime supply route deployed from…

Armenia and India Build Strategic Relationship

Armenia and India Build Strategic Relationship Publication: Eurasia Daily Monitor By: Eduard Abrahamyan The Jamestown Foundation With Azerbaijan and Pakistan currently pursuing a strategic partnership (see EDM, September 28, 2016; December 15, 2016), Armenia and India have decided to step up their cooperation across several dimensions. Indeed, the past six months were marked by a…

New Uzbek President Courts Moscow During State Visit

New Uzbek President Courts Moscow During State Visit Publication: Eurasia Daily Monitor By: Fozil Mashrab The Jamestown Foundation Uzbekistan’s new head of state, President Shavkat Mirziyaev made his first official visit to Moscow, on April 4–5. Though the visit was in fact the Uzbekistani leader’s third foreign trip as president, after traveling to neighboring Turkmenistan…