Language-Motivated Emigration of Russians Causes Shortage of Qualified Workers in Kazakhstan

Language-Motivated Emigration of Russians Causes Shortage of Qualified Workers in Kazakhstan Publication: Eurasia Daily Monitor By: Farkhad Sharip The Jamestown Foundation In mid-October, the nationalist-leaning Qazaquni.kz website, run by the Ak Zhol (Democratic Party) of Kazakhstan, published an appeal to Russian-speaking compatriots, calling on them to learn Kazakh. The article stresses that “it is not…

The Uncertain Road Ahead for Macedonia

The Uncertain Road Ahead for Macedonia Publication: Eurasia Daily Monitor By: Margarita Assenova The Jamestown Foundation The vast majority of voters who took part in Macedonia’s referendum on September 30 supported changing the country’s name to North Macedonia in order to join the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the European Union, as outlined in…

The Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt: Current Crisis and Future Directions

The Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt: Current Crisis and Future Directions Publication: Terrorism Monitor By: Alison Pargeter The Jamestown Foundation   In July 2018, the Congressional Subcommittee on National Security held a hearing to examine the threat of the Muslim Brotherhood to the United States and its interests. This hearing—expected to pave the way for Congress…

Returning Uighur Fighters and China’s National Security Dilemma

Returning Uighur Fighters and China’s National Security Dilemma Publication: China Brief V By: Joseph Hope The Jamestown Foundation In early 2017, CCP Secretary General President Xi Jinping announced his desire to build a “Great Wall of Iron” to apparently promote security and peace in China’s Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region (Xinhua, March 10, 2017). This is…

Jaysh al-Ayman: A ‘Local’ Threat in Kenya

Jaysh al-Ayman: A ‘Local’ Threat in Kenya Publication: Terrorism Monitor By: Sunguta West The Jamestown Foundation After a series of deadly attacks, Jaysh al-Ayman, an elite al-Shabaab unit formed about five years ago to carry out operations inside Kenya, has emerged as the deadliest terrorist cell in the East African nation. Although it started life…

Libya’s Rogue Militias Keep the Country From Tackling Human Trafficking

Libya’s Rogue Militias Keep the Country From Tackling Human Trafficking Publication: Terrorism Monitor By: Alessandra Bocchi The Jamestown Foundation Since 2014, people smuggling and human trafficking has become a lucrative business in Libya, benefiting the country’s rival militias and tribes, but fueling instability. Efforts by the European Union (EU), in particular Italy, to combat the problem…

Power Flows Downstream: Sino-Vietnamese Relations and the Lancang-Mekong River

Power Flows Downstream: Sino-Vietnamese Relations and the Lancang-Mekong River Publication: China Brief Volume: 17 Issue: 14 By: Emily Walz The Jamestown Foundation China’s international rivers are becoming a focal point for contests over control of natural resources—and potentially international conflict. China, in its powerful position as headwater nation, continues to actively promote hydropower development domestically…

Chinese and Indian Competition in Space Heats Up

Chinese and Indian Competition in Space Heats Up Publication: China Brief By: Sudha Ramachandran The Jamestown Foundation On May 5, India began a new diplomatic push in South Asia by launching the “South Asia satellite” into space. Built and launched by the government-run Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), the satellite will provide communications and meteorological…

Strategic War Game Zapad 2017 Has Begun

Strategic War Game Zapad 2017 Has Begun Publication: Eurasia Daily Monitor  By: Pavel Felgenhauer The Jamestown Foundation Last November, in Minsk, at a session of the joint Russian-Belarusian “defense collegium,” Russia’s minister of defense, Army-General Sergei Shoigu, declared the upcoming strategic war game, Zapad 2017, to be “the most important joint military exercise of the…

Al-Qaeda’s Quiet Resurgence in India

Al-Qaeda’s Quiet Resurgence in India Publication: Terrorism Monitor By: Animesh Roul The Jamestown Foundation Al-Qaeda in the Indian Subcontinent (AQIS), the official South Asian branch of the transnational al-Qaeda network, has spread its tentacles in the region beyond its strongholds. Beyond Afghanistan, Pakistan and Bangladesh, its influence has reached neighboring India and Myanmar. The emergence…

Disruption Under the Radar: Chinese Advances in Quantum Sensing

Disruption Under the Radar: Chinese Advances in Quantum Sensing Publication: China Brief By: Elsa Kania, Stephen Armitage The Jamestown Foundation   This piece builds upon prior research and analysis on Chinese advances in quantum information science and quantum technologies, previously featured in China Brief in the series “China’s Quantum Leap,” parts one and two. Today,…

Swarms at War: Chinese Advances in Swarm Intelligence

Swarms at War: Chinese Advances in Swarm Intelligence Publication: China Brief Volume: 17 Issue: 9 By: Elsa Kania The Jamestown Foundation The Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA) anticipates that future warfare will be “unmanned, invisible, and silent” (“无人、无形、无声”战争), with ever higher degrees of “intelligentization” (智能化). [1] PLA strategists expect that future, autonomous combat involving unmanned…

Uzbekistan Alters Its Vision for Afghanistan

Uzbekistan Alters Its Vision for Afghanistan Publication: Eurasia Daily Monitor By: Fozil Mashrab The Jamestown Foundation After the change of leadership in Uzbekistan, it has been widely acknowledged that the country’s new president, Shavkat Mirziyaev, is pursuing a more proactive and constructive regional diplomacy in Central Asia than his predecessor (see EDM, October 26, 2016;…

Russia’s Syria Resupply Route Through the Turkish Straits: Vulnerable to Terrorist Attack?

Russia’s Syria Resupply Route Through the Turkish Straits: Vulnerable to Terrorist Attack? Publication: Eurasia Daily Monitor By: John C. K. Daly The Jamestown Foundation Since Moscow’s military intervention in the Syrian civil war began in September 2015, a key element of Russian logistical support for its forces has been a maritime supply route deployed from…

Armenia and India Build Strategic Relationship

Armenia and India Build Strategic Relationship Publication: Eurasia Daily Monitor By: Eduard Abrahamyan The Jamestown Foundation With Azerbaijan and Pakistan currently pursuing a strategic partnership (see EDM, September 28, 2016; December 15, 2016), Armenia and India have decided to step up their cooperation across several dimensions. Indeed, the past six months were marked by a…

New Uzbek President Courts Moscow During State Visit

New Uzbek President Courts Moscow During State Visit Publication: Eurasia Daily Monitor By: Fozil Mashrab The Jamestown Foundation Uzbekistan’s new head of state, President Shavkat Mirziyaev made his first official visit to Moscow, on April 4–5. Though the visit was in fact the Uzbekistani leader’s third foreign trip as president, after traveling to neighboring Turkmenistan…

South Korea’s Presidential Election: Implications for China

South Korea’s Presidential Election: Implications for China Publication: China Brief By: Darcie Draudt The Jamestown Foundation The South Korean presidency was scheduled to change hands later this year, but Park Geun-hye’s official removal from office in March 2017 has accelerated the turnover in leadership, with elections scheduled for May 9 (Joongang Daily, March 15). During…

Russian-Chinese Joint Ventures in Russia’s Far East, Arctic

Russian-Chinese Joint Ventures in Russia’s Far East, Arctic Publication: Eurasia Daily By: John C. K. Daly The Jamestown Foundation Since 2001, Russian-Chinese relations have been largely grounded in security issues, both military and economic. The former is a shared perception of an increasingly aggressive United States and, in the case of Russia, concerns over the…

The ‘Khasavyurt Group’: A New Watershed of Islamic State Activity in Dagestan

The ‘Khasavyurt Group’: A New Watershed of Islamic State Activity in Dagestan Publication: Terrorism Monitor By: Neil Hauer The Jamestown Foundation The discovery of what appears to be a sizeable Islamic State (IS) cell in the Russian city of Khasavyurt, located in the North Caucasian republic of Dagestan, has sparked numerous violent confrontations as long-simmering tensions…

Karachi’s Security Crackdown a Boost for Pakistan’s Islamists

Karachi’s Security Crackdown a Boost for Pakistan’s Islamists Publication: Terrorism Monitor Volume: 14 Issue: 22 By: Farhan Zahid The Jamestown Foundation Political violence and gang wars in Karachi have remained a critical issue for the Pakistani authorities over the years. The situation even became an agenda item in the country’s National Action Plan on counter-terrorism,…

The Taliban’s ‘Double Act’: Will the New Leadership Strategy End Infighting in the Group?

The Taliban’s ‘Double Act’: Will the New Leadership Strategy End Infighting in the Group? Publication: Terrorism Monitor By: Waliullah Rahmani The Jamestown Foundation On September 8, 2016, the recently appointed Taliban leader Mullah Haibatullah Akhundzada released his Eid al-Adha message. While much of the language is familiar – he terms the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan…

Circassians Divided Over Turkish Coup Attempt and Its Aftermath

Circassians Divided Over Turkish Coup Attempt and Its Aftermath Publication: North Caucasus By: Valery Dzutsati The Jamestown Foundation Many from Turkey’s North Caucasian diaspora supported President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan during the failed July 15 coup. At least some North Caucasians, however, have doubts about extending their support to the Turkish president. The Circassian activists are…

Pakistan’s LeJ Baluchistan Operations Ready for Resurgence

Pakistan’s LeJ Baluchistan Operations Ready for Resurgence Publication: Terrorism Monitor Volume: 14 Issue: 15 By: Farhan Zahid The Jamestown Foundation Sectarian violence in Pakistan’s troubled Baluchistan province dropped dramatically with the death of Lashkar-e-Jhangvi’s (LeJ) leader Usman Saifullah Kurd in 2015. Attacks, however, have continued under the group’s new leader, Dawood Badini, and LeJ appears…

Moscow ‘Bypassing’ Armenia to Reach Azerbaijan, Iran and India

Moscow ‘Bypassing’ Armenia to Reach Azerbaijan, Iran and India Publication: Eurasia Daily By: Paul Goble The Jamestown Foundation Perhaps the most important geopolitical development of mid-July 2016 was not the continuing conflict in the South China Sea, the failed coup in Turkey, or terrorist violence in France—all of which attracted considerable international attention—but rather the…

INF Treaty Increasingly in Danger, as Russia Balks at New Missile Defense Base in Romania

INF Treaty Increasingly in Danger, as Russia Balks at New Missile Defense Base in Romania Publication: Eurasia Daily Monitor By: Pavel Felgenhauer The Jamestown Foundation The United States missile defense (MD) base near the Romanian town of Deveselu, west of Bucharest, became operational this week, armed with 24 SM-3 Block IB interceptors, guided by a…