Japanese Zen Buddhist poetry, China, and Sesson Yubai (1290-1346)

Japanese Zen Buddhist poetry, China, and Sesson Yubai (1290-1346)

Lee Jay Walker

Modern Tokyo Times

The Zen Buddhist monk Sesson Yūbai (1290-1346) was a notable literati poet in the distant past of Japanese history. He fused many elements of indigenous Japanese culture with the potency of Chinese culture emanating from the Middle Kingdom. 

In modern times, Buddhism continues to attract tourists and pilgrims to notable places including Chichibu, Kamakura, Koyosan, Kyoto, Nara, Negoro-ji, Nikko, and many other places in Japan that are blessed with countless Buddhist compounds and temples. However, the world of Sesson Yūbai breathed Buddhism along with the impact of high culture.

The MET Museum says, “Sesson Yūbai, one of the most accomplished literati Zen monks, was both proficient in calligraphy and learned in Chinese poetry. After studying with the Chinese émigré monk Yishan Yining (Japanese: Issan Ichinei, 1247–1317), he spent twenty-three years in China, and his calligraphy reveals the influence of the latest Chinese styles. Ample space between the columns of text allows the longer horizontal strokes and pronounced diagonals to stand out.”

In a delightful poem he wrote:

My thatched hut is woven with disordered layers of clouds.
Already my footprints are washed away with the red dust.
If you ask, this monk has few plans for his life:
Before my window, flowing waters; facing my pillow, books
.

His time in China was blessed by the Buddhist circles he moved in. Also, he took ideas emanating from Japan – while bringing back ideas from the Middle Kingdom. Therefore, the flow of culture went in both directions – along with the fusion of different Buddhist mindsets that were influenced by regional differences, sects, Confucianism, Taoism, Shintoism (Japan), and other important angles. 

His time in China was also a period of hardship. Hence, he was imprisoned after edicts led to anti-Buddhist attacks. Thus true to the nature of Sesson Yūbai, he contemplated and developed new ideas while imprisoned in Chang’an. 

He wrote – with the clearest of minds:

I do not like praises and honors

Nor did I fear disdain

I just stayed away.

My mind, clear water,

My body bound and tied

For three years in Chang’an.

I sing what I feel in songs

In straight words, undecorated.

In life and death, his world belongs to the path of the Buddha – and developing his Buddhist faith irrespective of hardship. 

PLEASE SUPPORT MODERN TOKYO TIMES by DONATING

Modern Tokyo News is part of the Modern Tokyo Times group

DONATIONS to SUPPORT MODERN TOKYO TIMES – please pay PayPal and DONATE to sawakoart@gmail.com

http://moderntokyotimes.com Modern Tokyo Times – International News and Japan News

http://sawakoart.com – Sawako Utsumi personal website and Modern Tokyo Times artist

https://moderntokyonews.com Modern Tokyo News – Tokyo News and International News

PLEASE JOIN ON TWITTER

https://twitter.com/MTT_News Modern Tokyo Times

https://www.facebook.com/moderntokyotimes/ Facebook

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.